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Care Full

Care Full

Medico-legal reports and the Istanbul Protocol in asylum procedures

Edited by René Bruin, Marcelle Reneman, Evert Bloemen

2006 - 223 blz. - 13 978-90-75955-58-3

Torture and ill-treatment are widespread. Mutilation, rape, domestic abuse or forced prostitution are an ongoing reality for many inhabitants of this world. It’s a reality victims do not easily talk about. Not at home, not abroad. Sometimes mental impediments keep them from telling their story. It takes a great deal of confidence to relate about horrific events. To ignore this makes one complicit in the conspiracy of silence.
To document torture and ill-treatment in all circumstances should be part of the responsibility of states. Conventions, like the Convention against Torture, however, only urge states to investigate allegations of torture committed on their own territory, with a view to criminal prosecution. In the context of asylum no examination is required.
In 2001, the United Nations adopted a manual on the effective investigation and documentation of torture and ill-treatment: the Istanbul Protocol. This Protocol can serve as a valuable guidance for examining alleged victims of torture and ill-treatment in asylum procedures. As such, it can not only contribute to the eradication of these crimes, but it can also assist in providing effective protection to those in need.
This publication serves to promote the knowledge of the Istanbul Protocol and its wider use in asylum cases.

Table of contents

Foreword - A step forward to fight torture
Dr. Önder Özkalipçi
0 Introduction - Torture at the doorstep
Amnesty International, Dutch Council for Refugees, Pharos
1 Legal effects of the Istanbul Protocol
Hemme Battjes
2 The physical after-effects of torture
Duncan Forrest
3 Psychological and psychiatric aspects of recounting traumatic events by asylum seekers
Evert Bloemen, Erick Vloeberghs, Celine Smits
4 Supervising bodies and medical reports
René Bruin, Marcelle Reneman
5 Aspects of the value and use of the Istanbul Protocol in asylum procedures
Thomas Wenzel, Susanne Kjaere
6 Country Assessments: how do EU Member States deal with medico-legal reports in asylum procedures?
Myrthe Wijnkoop
7 Concluding remarks
Annexes
Annex 1: Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Annex I Istanbul Protocol)
Annex 2: Guidelines for the medical evaluation of torture and ill-treatment (Annex IV Istanbul Protocol)

2006, ISBN-13 978-90-75955-58-3, Order number 9P2006.06, 223 p., € 18,-

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